Transport of radioactive waste
Tried-and-tested infrastructure and technologies for transporting radioactive waste are already available.
The waste and the spent fuel assemblies are transported by rail and road. The ZWILAG interim storage facility has a special vehicle for transporting containers with high-level waste.
A permit is required for each individual transport action. The conditions that apply are in line with international transport regulations and are anchored in the legislation of the different countries. Safe containment of the radioactive substances must be assured at all times and there must be no risk to humans and the environment.
The transport containers for vitrified high-level waste from reprocessing and for spent fuel assemblies are subjected to rigorous testing. They have to be able to withstand a free fall from a height of nine metres onto a hard surface and a half-hour fire test with an average flame temperature of at least 800°C without any damage.